BK Dutta (Batukeshwar Dutt)

NAME    :  Batukeshwar Dutt
FATHER :  Goshtha Bihari Dutt
DOB       :  18 November 1910
DIED      :  20 July 1965
ALIAS    :  BK Dutt, Battu and Mohan
MOMENTS AND PROTESTS : bombed along with Bhagat Singh,member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, Quit India Movement

Batukeshwar Dutt was an Indian revolutionary in the early 1900s. BK Dutt is best known for having bombed, along with Bhagat Singh, the Punjab Legislative in the Assembly on 8 April 1929. After his arrest, he and Singh were instrumental in initiating a hunger strike protesting against the rights and state of Indian political prisoners.Batukeshwar Dutt was also known as BK Dutta. He was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, one of the first Marxist parties in India.

Batukeshwar Dutt, also known as B.K. Dutt, Battu and Mohan, son of Goshtha Bihari Dutt, was born on
18 November 1910 in the village Oari in Nani Bedwan district, and lived also in Khanda and Mausu in Burdwan district in Bengal. He graduated from P.P.N. High School in Kanpur. He was a close associate of freedom fighters Chandrashekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh. He met Bhagat Singh in Kanpur in 1924. Working for the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association in Kanpur, he learned how to make bombs.

The British Government introduced the Public Safety Bill & the Trade Dispute Bill in the Central Legislative Assembly. They gave more power to the British Government and the police against Indian revolutionaries and freedom fighters.The bills were defeated in the Assembly by one vote. However, they were enacted by an ordinance, claiming that the ordinance was in the best interest of the public. To protest against this ordinance, the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association decided to explode a few bombs in the Central Legislative Assembly. Chandrashekhar Azad, the leader of that revolutionary movement, was not in favor of exploding bombs. However, others in the party persuaded Azad to accept Bhagat Singh's plan, and Azad selected Batukeshwar Dutt to accompany Bhagat Singh and throw the bombs in the Assembly.

On April 8, 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt gained access to the visitors' gallery of the Assembly. At about 11 AM they raised the slogan "Inquilab Zindabad" [Long live the Revolution] and Batukeshwar Dutt threw two bombs onto the floor of certain areas of the Assembly which were vacant and not occupied by anyone.While the bombs were exploding, Bhagat Singh threw leaflets down where members of the Assembly were present. The leaflet included a statement that "It takes a loud sound to make the deaf hear." The bombs, as planned, did not kill or hurt anyone. This part of the plan, claimed by Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt during their trial, was substantiated both by British forensic investigators, who confirmed that the bombs were not powerful enough to cause any injury or kill anyone, and by the fact that the bombs were thrown away from the people on the floor. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt quietly courted arrest after the incident. They were famously defended by M. Asaf Ali, but were both sentenced to Transportation for Life on June 12, the day

Along with Bhagat Singh, Batukeshwar Dutt was tried in the Central Assembly Bomb Case, and was sentenced in 1929 to life imprisonment by the Sessions Judge of Delhi under Section 307 of the Indian Penal Code & Section 4 of the Explosive Substances Act. He was deported to the Cellular Jail in Andaman which was infamously known as Kala Pani (Black Waters). He also faced trial in the Lahore Conspiracy Case but was found not guilty. He participated in the two historic hunger strikes in the Cellular Jail during May 1933 and July 1937. Batukeshwar Dutt was repatriated to the mainland in 1937, and was later released from the Bankipur Jail in Patna in 1938.

After his release from prison Batukeshwar Dutt contracted tuberculosis. He nonetheless participated in the Quit India Movement of Mahatma Gandhi and was again jailed for four years. After India gained independence, he married Anjali in November 1947. It is sad that independent India did not accord him any recognition, and he spent his remaining life in penury away from political limelight, a forgotten hero.

Batukeshwar Dutt outlived all his comrades and died on 20 July 1965 in the AIIMS in Delhi after his long illness. He was cremated in Hussainiwala near Firozepur in Punjab where the bodies of his comrades Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were also cremated many years ago. He was survived by his only daughter, Mrs. Bharti Bagchi, in Patna where his house was situated in the Jakkanpur area.



    Born on: 04 Sep 1825, Mumbai
    Died on: 30 Jun 1970 , Mumbai
                         Dadabhai Naoroji was a Parsi intellectual and educator, and an early Indian political leader. The "Grand Old Man of India" and the "Father of Indian Nationalism" who worked with perseverance and unshakeable faith towards the goal of swaraj was the first Indian to claim self-government for his people. Dadabhai Naoroji was also the first Indian to show that India was being drained of its wealth under the British rule and thus was fast succumbing to poverty. He played a key role in founding the Indian National Congress in 1885 and was associated with the organisation till his death.

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

NAME : Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  BORN  :  18 August 1900             
  DIED  :  1 December 1990            
MAIDEN NAME : Swarup Kumari Nehru

 Diplomatic posts: Indian Ambassador to the United States(1949-52), 
                                 President of the United Nations General Assembly(1953).

                                                                                Mrs. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, the chief delegate of India. Born in 1900 of one of the most prominent families in the country,The sister of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, she was the first woman to become the President of the United Nations General Assembly. . In this article, we will present you with the biography of Vijayalakshmi Pandit, who was instrumental in the politics of the country.

Father of the Armed Struggle Vasudev Balwant Phadke

Forgotten HERO Vasudev Balwanth Phadke

Name : Vasudev Balwant Phadke
Birth   : 4th Nov 1845
Death :17th Feb 1883

Regarded as : Father of the ARMED STRUGGLE for India's independence

Founded : Aikya Vardhini Sabha ,Poona Native Institution (Maharashtra Educational society )

Sagarmal Gopa Biography

BIRTH   : 3 November 1900
DEATH : 4 April 1946

ACTIVITIES : Non -co-operation movement in 1921, opposed anti-people policies of then rulers of Jaisalmer

                                             Sagarmal Gopa was a freedom fighter and patriot from Rajasthan state in India. Born on 3 November 1900 in an affluent Brahmin family in Jaisalmer he took active part in non -co-operation movement in 1921.

Subhas Chandra Bose BioGraphy

Born: January 23, 1897

Died: 1945(which is a mystery )

Achievements: organized Azad Hind Fauj to overthrow British Empire from India.

Subhas Chandra Bose, affectionately called as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of Indian freedom struggle. Though Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru have garnered much of the credit for successful culmination of Indian freedom struggle, the contribution of Subash Chandra Bose is no less. He has been denied his rightful place in the annals of Indian history. He founded Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) to overthrow British Empire from India and came to acquire legendary status among Indian masses.

Subhash Chandra Bose Gallery


Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

“दुश्मन की गोलियों का हम सामना करेंगे, 
आजाद ही रहे हैं, आजाद ही रहेंगे.” 
("We will face the bullets of the enemies, we are free and will remain free")

NAME  :  Chandra Sekhar Azad
BORN  :   23 July 1906
DIED    :   27 February 1931 (aged 24)

                                                  Chandra Shekhar Azad , popularly known as Azad ("The Liberated"), was one of the most important Indian revolutionaries who reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under the new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) after the death of its founder Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil and three other prominent party leaders, Thakur Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan. He is considered to be the mentor of Bhagat Singh and chief strategist of the HSRA.

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